Type 2 diabetes is more common, and occurs when the body develops a resistance to insulin, which is used to convert carbohydrates into energy. This results in high blood sugar and the need to take medications to help the insulin work. Type 2 Diabetes can be caused by various things including genetics and diet choices, and makes up the majority of cases in the USA (roughly 28 million people).
Type 1 Diabetes is less common, and means that the body cannot produce insulin or use glucose reserves to maintain blood sugar at all. It is an autoimmune disease that is a result of the body attacking and destroying its insulin-producing cells. People with Type 1 Diabetes need to take insulin through shots or through an insulin pump in order to keep their blood sugar from going too high. They also have to correct low blood sugar by eating or drinking things with carbohydrates. There are about 1.25 million people with Type 1 Diabetes in the USA. Our founder has Type 1, and this is the type that Maple Rise was started specifically to help. For more information about Type 1 Diabetes, check out the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation (JDRF) and their resources.
A typical day in the life of a Type 1 Diabetic could look different depending on a nearly unlimited set of things that could impact blood sugar. Every day involves checking blood sugar and giving insulin to counteract the carbohydrates eaten to maintain a healthy blood sugar level. Sometimes it is difficult to maintain blood sugar levels while still trying to live an active life. Low blood sugar can frequently throw off the timing of a day and isn't easy to predict. Somebody might have a "low" in the middle of the night so they have to deal with it and stay awake to make sure it gets back to a safe level. Or maybe somebody will have a "low" right before they are supposed to drive so they have to wait in order to be safe on the road. It is always important for a Type 1 Diabetic to have a low blood sugar remedy wherever they are.
To learn more about Diabetes, here are some helpful links: